Three attributes of smart home components

Upstream components of smart home products mainly include display modules, lenses, ICs, transistors, resistors, chips, sensors, embedded voice control modules, and communication modules. These parts are used in the smart home industry, and the important reason is that it has three attributes, namely, attributes, networkable attributes, and intelligent attributes.

1. Perceivable properties

The perceptible property of a component means that the sensor can capture a variety of information and analyze it based on the information and make appropriate judgments. This perception attribute can be environmental awareness, such as capturing temperature, humidity, and illumination in the environment, automatically adjusting air conditioning, lights, etc. to keep the indoor environment in a comfortable state; it can also be an activity that senses humans, such as when the user arrives. Where, the indoor lights will be turned on accordingly, and after leaving, the lights will automatically go out. When the user goes out, the smart home security system will automatically start, etc.; it can also sense the working status of smart devices, and make appropriate control and adjustment . The main representative of the sensing properties is a variety of sensors, such as semiconductors, catalysis, infrared and electrochemical sensors.

2. Networkable attributes

The networking properties of parts and components refer to the development of corresponding communication chips and devices. For the internal network transmission signals of the smart home, the current mainstream technologies can be generally divided into three categories, ie bus technology, wireless technology, and power carrier technology. The bus technology is a kind of fully distributed intelligent control network technology. Its main characteristic is that all device communication is centralized on one bus to comprehensively debug and control. The well-known wireless technology has effectively compensated for the lack of cabling technology, has no wiring, low cost, simple operation and other characteristics, and this technology is implemented in many ways, such as ZigBee technology, wireless radio frequency technology, Bluetooth and so on. Power line carrier technology and wireless technology do not require wiring. It is mainly implemented by adding a modem to the existing power line, using 50 Hz alternating current as a carrier, and using hundreds of KHz pulse signals as the modulation signal to achieve signal transmission and control.

Qualcomm's recently announced smart home-based network processor chip is an important embodiment of the component networking features. It focuses on low-power, high-performance wireless communication technology. In addition, related products such as Starnet Ruijie and Neusoft Carrier can play a networking role and are therefore widely used in the smart home field.

3. Intelligent properties

Intelligent hardware is certainly inseparable from the intelligence of hardware. The intelligentization here refers mainly to intelligent home center intelligence, involving artificial intelligence, big data, cloud computing and other fields. The point that intelligence can't be ignored is to realize human-computer interaction. The current level of human-computer interaction remains at the primary stage, and human-computer interaction will eventually develop in the direction of "as true as human communication." The machine can understand people's thoughts, language, and actions. Based on these logical thinking of information, they can make corresponding language and actions, and issue terminal control instructions according to the “man's will” in order to realize a smart life. The current voice control, somatosensory control smart home devices are an important manifestation of their home intelligence properties. With regard to this application, Apple, Qualcomm, HKUST, and other companies have achieved initial results.

Perception and behavior feedback are regarded as the core of smart homes that are different from traditional electrical products. The essence of smart times is chips. The same is true of smart homes. Among the many components in the upper reaches of smart home products, the chip directly reflects the mainstream technical route characteristics and product performance of smart homes. It has become the core link of the smart home upstream industrial chain, and the performance of smart home products. Continuous improvement must rely on chip vendors. Google’s two major rivals in Silicon Valley and Apple have already been playing in this area. Foreign experts such as Intel, Marvell, STMicroelectronics ST, Qualcomm, MediaTek MTK, China Neusoft Carrier, and Ziguang Group in-depth exploration in this field have further promoted the development of the entire intelligent hardware industry.

Neusoft Carrier, Qualcomm, ARM to Chip Smart Home

1. Neusoft carrier

Qingdao Neusoft Carrier Technology Co., Ltd. was established in June 1993. It is a well-known enterprise in the field of IoT intelligence.

Neusoft Carrier mainly focuses on the R&D, production, sales, and service of low-voltage power line carrier communication products. It focuses on providing an overall solution for the use of electricity information collection systems for the national smart grid construction and is dedicated to the application of low-voltage power line carrier communication technologies. expand. In the field of low-voltage power line carrier communication, Qingdao Neusoft Carrier Co., Ltd. has formed three key core technologies supporting the power line carrier communication system: power line communication network and data exchange technology, power line high-precision synchronization and rate adaptive spread spectrum communication technology, and company-led R & D SSC16xx series power line carrier communication integrated circuit chip.

Among them, SSC16xx series chips have reached the domestic leading level in terms of communication capability, stability, reliability and anti-interference ability. In order to further expand the market for smart chips in the upstream of smart homes, Neusoft Carrier plans to merge and acquire its largest supplier, Shanghai Haier. Established in 2000, Shanghai Haier is an integrated circuit design company specializing in the design and sales of integrated circuit products, especially high-immunity, high-reliability microcontrollers. The company's products are mainly used in smart grids, smart homes, industrial controls and consumer electronics. In recent years, the custom chip business accounted for more than 70% of the company's annual revenue, and general-purpose chip business revenue accounted for 24% - 30%. The acquisition will, to a large extent, promote Neusoft's comprehensive deployment of the smart home upstream industry chain.

2. Qualcomm

Qualcomm (QUALCOMM) was established in July 1985 and plays an important role in promoting wireless communications forward with technological innovation. For a long time, Qualcomm has been regarded as the pioneer of innovation in the world wireless industry and a recognized global leader in next-generation mobile communications technology.

Qualcomm, like many Internet of Things innovative companies, smelled the potential of the Internet of Things industry as early as possible and laid it out. In 2011, Qualcomm acquired Atheros Inc. for a total price of US$ 31 billion and began to explore product areas other than mobile phone chips. In 2012, Qualcomm's chipset (including Qualcomm's Atheros Connect chips) was used by multiple vendors to launch its cellular and connectivity solutions for emerging Internet of Things and M2M ecosystems. In 2013, Qualcomm launched the IoT development platform jointly with other companies, and launched the QCA4002 and QCA4004 low-power WiFi platforms for home appliances and consumer electronics products. This is Qualcomm's first single-chip platform for Internet of Things applications.

This platform is based on Near Field Communication technology of WiFi and Bluetooth, which can provide wireless connection and communication in different products, applications and services. The market for this platform covers major home appliances such as washing machines and air conditioners, consumer electronics and home lighting, automated sensors and smart sockets.

3. ARM

ARM is a joint venture between Apple, Acorn, VLSI, and Technology. Its biggest difference from the average semiconductor company is that it does not manufacture chips and does not sell chips to end users. Instead, it sells design solutions and partners produce unique chips. ARM licenses its technology to many of the world's leading semiconductor, software and OEM vendors. Each vendor gets a unique set of ARM-related technologies and services.

With this partnership, ARM quickly became the creator of many global RISC microprocessor standards. Currently, more than 100 companies have signed technology licensing agreements with ARM, including large companies such as Intel, IBM, LG, NEC, SONY, NXP and NS. As for the partner of the software system, it includes a series of well-known companies such as Microsoft, Sun, and MRI. Whether it is the smart wearable device that has been popular in the world in 2013 or the smart home that has rapidly become popular in 2014, the Red Sea, behind the market, will not be helped by the upstream processor company ARM. Among them ARM Cortex M series because of its main frequency is low, the characteristic of low power consumption, can let the intelligent hardware products be more mature and more stable. It can be predicted that in the future, ARM will have more to do in the intelligent field of the Internet of Things.

Cable

Electrical cable is in any building requiring electricity for the lighting and power. There are many types of cable used to keep a device running, choosing the right type and size of cable is critical. Any cable installations need to be fully tested by a suitably qualified professional.


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